A brief tennis articles history history of tennis
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A brief tennis articles history history of tennis
Taking part in the Olympic Games then became a vital career component for the world’s best players. Some, like Chile’s Nicolas Massu, reached the peak of their career at the Games. After winning two gold medals in Athens in 2004 , he went so far as to declare: “I was so happy because this is my best memory in my sport career. If I look back in 10 more years, I look back on this, I'm gonna be so happy. Now I can die happy.” An adaptation of a very ancient sport, the jeu de paume, codified in England in the 1870s, tennis has become a major sport followed by millions of fans throughout the year. Present at the Games from 1896 to 1924, it made its official return to the programme in 1988, and the great Olympic stage has become a key point in the careers of the world’s best tennis players. At first they were made of wood, which was used until the 1980s. Then new materials took over, offering less weight but more power, like graphite, titanium, carbon, steel, etc. In the 1970s, the tie break was also introduced, to prevent sets from going on indefinitely. If the score is 6 all, the first player to win 7 points takes the set. Only Wimbledon retains the “decisive set” with no tie break, which resulted in the record score of 70 games to 68, by which America’s John Isner beat Frenchman Nicolas Mahut after 11 hours and 5 minutes of play, with the fifth set alone lasting 8 hours 11 minutes, in the first round in 2010! Spectacular, played today on all kinds of surfaces by tens of millions of people, for fun or in competition, tennis has spread all over the world. Designed and codified in England in the 1870s, it is the direct descendant of jeu de paume , invented in France in the 11 th century. The developments of this mediaeval sport, originally practised with bare hands, like the invention of the racket in the 16 th century and the special scoring system , led directly to tennis, including its name, from the French word “tenez!” , which you said to your opponent as you were about to serve. Charlotte Cooper was one of the few female players to serve by throwing the ball up before hitting it, while most of her opponents were still serving underhand. An excellent volleyer, she was an attacking player, rushing up to the net as soon as she had an opportunity. On 10 July, she won the final of the mixed doubles with Reginald Frank Doherty, beating the pair composed of France’s Hélène Prévost and Britain’s Harold Mahony, 6-2, 6-4. Sweeping all before her in the women’s singles, on 11 July 1900, beating France’s Hélène Prevost in the final, 6-1, 6-4, she became the first woman to write her name in the Olympic history books for an individual event! tennis articles history Achieving a golden Grand Slam, even if over the course of a career rather than a single year, has become a particularly prized achievement for the top players. America’s Andre Agassi , Olympic champion in Atlanta in 1996; Spain’s Serena Williams , Olympic women’s singles champion in London in 2012, have done it. With her sister Venus , Serena Williams has accumulated a total of four Olympic gold medals, while her older sister has gone one better by taking the silver medal in the mixed doubles in Rio in 2016, making her the tennis player with the most Olympic medals: five. Tennis continues to write some great pages in Olympic history, with more spectacular contests doubtless yet to come! Tennis was back at the Olympic Games in 1968 in Mexico City, but only as a demonstration sport; and then again in 1984 in Los Angeles, which saw a win for the 15 year-old German player, Steffi Graf . Its real return to the official programme was at the 1988 Games in Seoul. Steffi Graf won the women’s singles in the same year as winning the four major tournaments. She thereby became the only person, man or woman, ever to achieve the “Golden Slam” in a single season. During its absence from the Olympic programme, tennis underwent several major developments, including the concept of the “Grand Slam” in the 1930s, which means winning the four “major” tournaments, namely the Australian Open, the French Open, Wimbledon and the US Open. And above all, the end of amateurism in 1968, the start of the Open era, when the sport became professional. 1973 saw the start of the ATP and WTA global and weekly rankings. The rackets changed considerably, too.
Getty Images In 1913, tennis was growing in popularity all over the world. The national tennis associations thus decided to join forces and harmonise their structures. An international conference was held in Paris, with 12 countries represented. The International Lawn Tennis Federation was created on this occasion. Tennis remained on the Olympic programme until 1924, and then disappeared after a dispute between the increasingly powerful ILTF, which was defending its interests, and the International Olympic Committee, which flatly refused to compromise. IOC Principles and Missions Mission Olympic values Olympic rings Olympic motto Olympic Agenda 2020 Olympic Agenda 2020 5 Olympic Charter Organisation President Members Executive Board Commissions Sessions Congresses Administration Careers Events Olympic House Publications IOC History Pierre de Coubertin Ancient Games Finance Funding Licencing Ticketing Suppliers Philatelic and Numismatic Olympic Games Olympic Games Tokyo 2020 Beijing 2022 Paris 2024 Milano Cortina 2026 Los Angeles 2028 Brisbane 2032 Past Olympic Games Future Host Election Past Host Elections Olympic Legacy New Norm Youth Olympic Games Gangwon 2024 Dakar 2026 Athletes Athletes' community Educational Tools Fight Against Doping Healthy Body Image Medical Research Safe Sport Olympic Movement National Olympic Committees NOC Associations International Sports Federations Associations of International Sport Federations Organising Committees for the Olympic Games The Olympic Partners programme Broadcasters Governing Bodies Beyond the Games Art, Culture and Heritage Education Gender Equality in Sport Human Rights Integrity Olympic Day Olympic Solidarity Peace & development Refugees Sport and Active Society Sustainability Young Leaders Media Press releases IOC Statements Media Accreditation Event Calendar News International Olympic Committee IOC News IOC Statements Olympic Agenda Olympic Highlights Press Releases Olympic Studies Centre Upcoming Olympic Games Tokyo 2020 Beijing 2022 Paris 2024 Milano Cortina 2026 LA 2028 Upcoming Youth Olympic Games Gangwon 2024 Dakar 2026 Beyond the Games Culture and heritage Fight against doping Gender equality Legacy Refugee Olympic Team Sustainability TOP Airbnb Alibaba Allianz Atos Bridgestone Coca-Cola Dow GE Intel Omega Panasonic P&G Samsung Toyota Visa Documents International Olympic Committee Olympic Games Athletes Olympic Movement Beyond the Games Media Olympics Museum Athlete 365 Olympic Studies Centre Beijing 2022 English ©2021 Although tennis was on the programme of the first Games of the modern era in Athens in 1896 , where Britain’s won the men’s singles to become the first gold medallist in his sport, and then won the doubles with Germany’s Friedrich Traun, women had to wait until the tournament at the 1900 Games in Paris , contested on clay in the bucolic setting of the Ile de Puteaux in the middle of the Seine. A brief tennis articles history history of tennis
A brief tennis articles history history of tennis
Others, like Britain’s successfully defend his title, in 2016 in Rio . The popularity of tennis in England quickly overtook that of croquet. Indeed, barely three years passed between the publication of A Portable Court of Playing Tennis  by Welsh Major Walter Clopton Wingfield in 1874, the defining work in terms of codifying lawn tennis, and the holding of the first Wimbledon tournament in 1877. The decisive element introduced by Wingfield was the use of a rubber ball, which could bounce on grass. For his part, Doherty, tennis articles for beginners